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Ornamental crops. Medicinal plants. Aromatic crops. Tuber crops.

ISBN 13: 9788172338589

Plantation and spice crops: Plantation crops. Spice crops. Transfer of crop protection technology and conclusions: Transfer of crop protection technology and conclusions. Subject Index. Seller Inventory SP Seller Inventory BV. P Parvatha Reddy. Publisher: Scientific Publishers , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Buy New Learn more about this copy. Other Popular Editions of the Same Title. Search for all books with this author and title. Customers who bought this item also bought.

ISBN - Section I Introduction. Tropical Fruit Crops. Sub-tropical Fruit Crops. Temperate Fruit Crops. Semi-arid Fruit Crops. Solanaceous Vegetable Crops. Bulbous Vegetable Crops. Cruciferous Vegetable Crops. Malvaceous Vegetable Crops. Root Vegetable Crops.

NDL India: Biointensive Integrated Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems

Leguminous Vegetable Crops. Cucurbitaceous Vegetable Crops. Leafy Vegetable Crops. Ornamental Crops. Medicinal Plants. Aromatic Crops. Tuber Crops. Plantation Crops. Spice Crops. For fruit fly management, growing of trap crop, setting pheromone traps, protein bait spray with permitted insecticide and good sanitation are required. Single line trellis system yields good result by the way of reduced borer incidence and downy mildew infestation in bitter gourd Singh et al.

Use of nylon net as a barrier for control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer along with shoot clipping could reduce the borer incidence. The potential use of semio-chemicals for pest management on small-scale farms remains underexploited. Fruit fly in cucurbits and fruit crops are well managed by use of pheromones. In rice, maize, cotton and vegetables the pheromone technology has been in practice, however, still improvement is needed. Volatiles from herbivorous insects and their host plants may serve as reliable cues for bio-control agents in search of suitable hosts.

Hilker and Mcneil, The aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae , prefers host insects feeding on Brassicae and are attracted by Isothiocynataes that are typical for these plants Baer et al. Entomopathogens: Like other organisms, insects also suffer from diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, microsporidia, rickettsia and nematodes.

So far over species of microorganisms have been reported to cause diseases in insects but many more remain undiscovered or unidentified. Microbial control agents have shown annual growth rate of more than 10 per cent during the last decade due to their safety, specificity and self-perpetuating action Glare et al. Biological control in Bio-intensive IPM: Biological control is often most effective when coupled with other pest control tactics in an integrated pest management IPM program.

Integrated pest management

Many practices are often compatible with biological control such as cultural controls, crop rotation, planting pest-resistant varieties, using insecticides with selective modes of action, or spot treatments. Although more than families of insects contain predaceous species, about 12 of these contain the major biological control agents of crop pests.

Among the parasitoids, the egg parasitoids, Trichogramma spp. Chrysoperla zastrowi arabica is an effective predator for control of white fly, aphids, jassids and eggs for some lepidopterous borers. Similarly the larval parasitoids of diamond back moth, Cotesia plutellae and Diadegma semiclausum can be incorporated into biological pest management because of their potential in suppressing the pests larvae and will helpful in areas where diamond back moth is a serious problems because of insecticide resistance.

Use of Botanicals: Botanical pesticides in general possess low mammalian toxicity thus constitute least or no health hazards and environmental pollution.

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A number of compounds found in neem seeds, notably azadirachtin, have proven useful as insecticides. Neem is most effective against actively growing immature insects. Use of neem and pongamia cakes in the pest management in brinjal, cucurbits and okra are the new strategies devised.

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NSKE sprays are recommended on a variety of crops such as crucifers, tomato and cucurbits against all pests, on tomato and cucurbits against serpentine leaf miner, and on beans against stem fly. The use of neem seed cakes is well known for controlling nematodes. These also reduce soil-borne insects like termites, grubs, etc.

The use of cakes for the management of many insect pests of brinjal, okra, cucurbits, etc. S prays of neem and pongamia soaps were found to be highly effective in controlling insecticide resistant DBM in cabbage.

Más títulos a considerar

The studies conducted at IIHR have shown that soaps were also effective in reducing Helicoverpa armigera in tomato and to a limited extent shoot and fruit borer in brinjal Krishnamoorty and Kumar, Insect growth regulator IGR : New approach to insect pest control is the use of substances that adversely affect insect growth and development. These substances are classified as insect hormone mimics or insect growth regulators IGRs owing to their effects on certain physiological regulatory processes essential for normal development of insects or their progeny. IGRs may belong to this type of selective insecticides and can be grouped according to their mode of action, as chitin synthesis inhibitors i.

JHs, ecdysteroids are newest of all approaches to operational and commercial insect control. For example diflubenzuron and its derivatives were effective against insect pests and mites infesting field crops, and were relatively harmless to beneficial insect species.

IPM Strategies and Production Practices for Managing Pests

On the other hand, buprofezin, a chitin synthesis inhibitor, was used against homopteran pests including nymphs of brown plant hoppers, Nilaparvata lugens Stal. Genetic manipulation of seed varieties for pest resistance is an important constituent of plant protection strategy.

Examples are virus resistant varieties producing the virus coat protein, which covers virus particles after infection preventing their replication. Genetically modified varieties of some crops, such as cotton and rapeseed-mustard, have been developed but these are surrounded by controversies regarding their long-term effect on the environment and human beings.